sycamore tree identification

Maple trees and sycamore trees have leaves that look similar. Pictures and descriptions will help you identify the best sycamore trees for your garden landscape. Sycamore trees are often known as plane trees. Sycamore balls contain tufts of fluffy tiny winged seeds. Initially, the sycamore seed balls have green color but they later change to brown. In the fall, sycamore leaves turn yellow or brown. Sycamore tree leaves: Old World sycamore trees have thick large, dark-green leaves up to 10” (25 cm) wide. Sycamore tree bark is thin and flaky and exfoliates in patches. Is Israel's sycamore tree much different from America's tree? Arizona sycamore trees are native to Arizona and New Mexico. Sycamore tree leaves: English sycamore tree has lobed leaves with three or five lobes and deep clefts between them. The native sycamore has a broad, outreaching canopy and its bark is unique among trees—you can recognize a sycamore just by looking at the … English sycamore trees are a hybrid between the American sycamore and the Old World sycamore. An identifying feature of California sycamore trees is their fuzzy pom-pom seed balls that appear at the end of fall. You can crush a leaf and smell it, it will smell like walnut. Sycamore tree leaves grow alternately—meaning that a single leaf attaches to one spot on the stem. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. There are 13 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. In the fall, American sycamore leaves turn an unimpressive yellow-brown color. Looking at pictures of English sycamore trees, you’ll notice coarse marginal teeth on the leaf margins. American sycamore trees grow to between 100 and 131 ft. (30 – 40 m) and have a wide thick trunk. Arizona sycamore trees are found growing in deserts in the western United States. Sycamore wood is used to make musical instruments, butcher’s blocks, and furniture. The dense, green foliage of the perennial sycamore tree (Platanus occidentalis) is perfect for adding shade or leafy lushness to a backyard or garden. hornbeam - sycamore tree stock illustrations a lone sycamore tree is silhouetted against a moody dusk sky. The bark of a sycamore is distinctive. It can also be found along roadsides. It is tolerant of ‘sea spray’ and may be … Sycamore trees produce spiky seed balls that measure 1” (2.5 cm) in diameter. The distinguishing feature of a sycamore tree is its bark. Young sycamore trees have a greyish-green bark that can turn into a reddish-brown color. Sycamore tree timber is a hardwood with a coarse grain. Sometimes recent tree trimming work can make it more difficult to use other identifiers, which further underscores the usefulness of the leaf. In winter, sycamore trees are easy to spot due to the brown balls hanging from bare stems. 5. Sycamore Trees Information: Opened Fall Sycamore Tree Fruit, Sycamore Seedlings Identification. By using our site, you agree to our. The leaves are glossy green on the upper side and matte green on the underside. It is not a native tree but was introduced from central and south east Europe. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 100,863 times. The best way to identify sycamore trees is by their mottled, peeling bark that gives the tree a scabby look. Key Features to Look For. Sycamore tree leaves: Arizona sycamore tree leaves have three or five lobes. It belongs to the plane family of trees. The five-lobed leaves have shallow notches between the lobes and smooth margins. Sycamore maple trees are enormous trees. As with all sycamore species, the bark peels away as the tree matures, leaving a patchwork pattern on the trunk. Sycamore trees and maple trees have leaves that look similar. As the tree ages, the thin papery bark tends to peel away from the trunk. Some tree species that are not in the Platanus genus are also called sycamore – these are the sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus), and sycamore fig (Ficus sycomorus). Sycamore tree leaves: American sycamore tree leaves are an ovate shape with three or five lobes and they have medium to dark green color. With age it develops a spreading, irregular, oval or rounded crown of heavy, large-diameter branches. These sycamore balls drop in spring, giving way to inconspicuous flower clusters. It is a fast-growing and relatively long-lived tree. Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) (American planetree, buttonwood, American sycamore, button-ball tree) is one of Iowa's largest trees; it attains diameters of 4-7 feet and heights of over 100 feet. The sycamore tree grows very fast, and its branches spread out to give it a beautiful large, rounded shape. There are deep notches between the leaf lobes. It can be identified by its 5-lobed leaf, hanging tail of winged fruits and its bark. The Sycamore Maple is botanically called Acer pseudoplatanus. Sycamore trees are huge deciduous trees with a broad, rounded crown of lush green foliage. The California or western sycamore is native along the streams of valleys, foothills and mountains of coastal, central and southern California to Mexico. Arizona sycamore trees are good shade trees in extensive gardens, parks, and open green spaces. Sycamore Tree Characteristics. The native sycamore has a broad, outreaching canopy and its bark is unique among trees—you can recognize a sycamore just by looking at the … While the sycamore lace bug’s damage is rarely serious, a heavy infestation can slow the tree’s growth. Mature trees are easily distinguished by differences in bark and seeds. In North America, trees called sycamore belong to the genus Platanus, and are also called plane trees. These include trees in the pine, fir, cypress, larch and spruce families. hornbeam - sycamore tree stock illustrations a lone sycamore tree is silhouetted against a moody dusk sky. To learn how to identify a sycamore tree based on its flowers and fruits, keep reading! Sycamore is also popular for … Old World sycamore trees grow up to 100 ft. (30 m) high, have thick rugged bark, and maple-like medium green leaves. Despite this fact, the sycamore species is also tolerant of drought when established. You can check for that as well. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. One of the few exceptions is European larch which loses its needles in winter. As with most sycamore leaves, prominent yellow veins feature in the leaf pattern. Sycamore leaves have three or five lobes and are light green to dark green. The sycamore is a variety of tree found in Africa. American sycamore trees mainly grow in the eastern United States. Sycamore leaf with 3 lobes (left) and sycamore leaves in autumn (right). Sycamore tree bark: Old World sycamore tree bark is brown-gray that peels to reveal whitish-gray patches. Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) (American planetree, buttonwood, American sycamore, button-ball tree) is one of Iowa's largest trees; it attains diameters of 4-7 feet and heights of over 100 feet. The best way to identify sycamore trees is by their mottled, peeling bark that gives the tree a scabby look. These broadleaf trees can grow to 35m and live for 400 years. They are alternate, simple and palmate with coarse teeth. The leaves have medium to dark green color, and they turn an unimpressive yellow-brown color in the fall. Sycamore maples grow to 115 ft. (35 m), have broad five-lobed leaves, and flaking rough bark that reveals inner orange bark. English sycamore trees grow to between 75 and 100 ft. (22 – 30 m) tall with a rounded growth habit. Sycamore produces strong, hard timber that is pale cream in colour and has an attractive, fine grain. Sycamore tree is deciduous tree that belongs to the plane-tree family. This sycamore species tolerates heat better than American sycamores. Different species trees and the maple wood is MUCH harder, likely double in strenth, with a tighter grain pattern. Its name in Latin is Acer pseudoplatanus . The sycamore is a variety of tree found in Africa. The five-lobed leaves have a rounded shape with serrated margins. Nobody is sure when it was brought to Ireland , but it is now our second most common hedgerow tree, after the ash. Sycamore Tree Pests. … The insects feed on the undersides of the sycamore’s leaves. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. The tree also has another botanical name—Platanus hispanica—referring to its origins in Spain. It can be identified by its 5-lobed leaf, hanging tail of winged fruits and its bark. The sycamore Here are descriptions of the eight species of sycamore trees popular in parks, cities, and woodlands. One of the most common sycamore tree pests is the sycamore lace bug that gets its name from the lacy pattern on the adult’s wings, head, and chest. Although the tree is named sycamore, this tree species is in the genus Acer which means it is one of the types of maple trees. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy . Adults survive the winter under peeling bark of the sycamore tree. Mexican sycamore trees are popular in the western United States. American sycamore trees are massive broad-leafed trees with a vast irregular rounded crown. Arizona sycamore (Platanus wrightii) tree. Trees in the sycamore family are valued for their wood for everything from musical instruments to cutting boards. Old World sycamore (Platanus orientalis) tree. If you look carefully at a tree’s bark, leaves, and fruits, you can determine whether you’ve found a sycamore tree. This is opposed to two leaves attaching at the same location on a stem, which is referred to as having opposite leaves. Sycamore maple trees grow to between 40 and 60 ft. (12 – 18 m) and are suitable for USDA zones 4 – 7. Grow these stately trees in moist soil that is well-draining. The seeds disperse easily in spring when the brown balls fall to the ground. (The Latin genus name Acer means sharp, and is a reference not to the form of the tree itself but to its timber. Some sycamore leaves may only have three lobes, but five is more common. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. However, their roots have a destructive effect on sidewalks and building foundations. The large trees grow along streams and rivers and are often found in wetland areas. Sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus) The sycamore tree is thought to have been introduced to the UK during the sixteenth century. Generally, sycamore trees have leaves with shallow indentations between their lobes whereas maple tree leaves have deep indentations. Most conifer trees have needles or scales present all year that can be used for identification. Sycamore maples have winged fruit that contains a small seed. Leaves … Yellow veins are prominent in the leaves. Mexican sycamore trees are large, fast-growing trees with flaky bark and lobed maple-like leaves. This plant has some cultivated varieties. They have large lobed maple-like leaves, attractive patchwork bark, and masses of thin branches. S ycamore is fast growing and regarded by some as a ‘weed’. This sycamore species is native to Eastern Europe and the Middle East. American sycamore trees used to be planted as shade trees in cities. The sinuses or indentations between lobes are shallow. Adults survive the winter under peeling bark of the sycamore tree. Sycamore trees are flowering trees in the plant genus Platanus and the family Platanaceae. Old World sycamore trees grow in marshy, damp soil near rivers. Wood from maple trees, including sycamores, was used for making spears.) For this reason it is popular in furniture making and widely used as a veneer which is particularly eye-catching when crown cut or figured. Sycamore is a common tree and one of the largest in the eastern deciduous forests. The Ohio Department of Natural Resources calls the sycamore the most “massive” of all the trees native to the eastern part of the United States, with some having trunk diameters of more than 10 feet. The Californian sycamore tree (Platanus racemosa) and Mexican sycamore tree (Platanus mexicana) are more common in the western parts of United States. Remains of sycamore begin to appear in predynasticera from the start of the third millennium BCE. Sycamore maple can be used as a street tree and as a shade tree. As with all species of sycamore, Platanus mexicana grows near rivers and streams. Small bunch of fallen Sycamore seeds, or 'helicopters'. Sycamore is widely planted as a shade tree because of its distinctive white, exfoliating bark and broad, dense crown. Sycamore can reach 98 to 130 feet in height and 4.9 to 6.6 feet in diameter. The adult is small, 1 /8 inch in length and brown to black in color. They are also often the most obvious feature, particularly in spring and summer. In youth it has a pyramidal and upright habit. The foliage of American sycamore trees is a vast crown of large leaves. The sycamore tree was brought over from France in the Middle Ages, and was often planted to shelter and shade farm houses, as it can withstand salty winds. Sycamore tree bark: California sycamore tree bark has a patchy look combining colors such as tan, pinkish-gray, white, and beige. Common characteristics used to identify trees are leaves or needles, bark, branching, fruit, flowers, and buds. Sycamore Lace Bug: Sycamore lace bug (Corythucha ciliata) gets its name from the lacy pattern seen on the adult’s wings, head, and thorax (chest region). A pendant that intricate would likely not last too long if made of true sycamore. The most common sycamore trees are the American sycamore (Platanus occidentalis), Mexican sycamore (Platanus mexicana), and California Sycamore tree (Platanus racemosa). The first thing I always look for, whether leaves are on or have fallen off, is the branching: is it opposite or alternate? In addition to the identification guide of your choice, here are a couple of features you should see on this tree: Gray peeling bark in the upper half of the mature tree, revealing the bone-white trunk These massive broad-leafed trees grow to between 100 and 130 ft. (30 – 40 m) tall. Sycamore. 6. Arizona sycamore trees thrive in zones 7 – 11. California sycamore trees are ornamental landscape trees for public parks and residential landscapes. Sycamore is widely planted as a shade tree because of its distinctive white, exfoliating bark and broad, dense crown. The Arizona sycamore is not as drought-resistant as the Californian sycamore and needs a constant supply of water. The bark exfoliation usually begins as the tree matures. A pendant that intricate would likely not last too long if made of true sycamore. The American sycamore tree (Platanus occidentalis) grows mainly in the eastern and central parts of United States. The insects feed on the undersides of the sycamore’s leaves. Sycamore trees are generally easy to identify due to their bark that peels away, revealing whitish or orangey patches. California sycamore leaves and seed balls. Many American sycamore trees have trunks that divide near the ground, giving the tree a multi-stemmed appearance. The irregular mottling on the tree reveals white or gray bark underneath. Usually, the bark color is a combination of white, gray, brown, and tan. Sycamore tree leaves: Sycamore maple tree leaves are dark green and have five lobes with shallow clefts between them. This bark’s “camouflage” effect allows for easy identification. Opposite would be like your arms, directly across from each other. The leaves on a sycamore tree have 3-5 lobes and toothed edges. Also called the plane tree maple, sycamore maple trees thrive in zones 4 to 7. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. 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North American sycamore and the maple wood is used to be planted in small yards or under power.... Faster, so you will need more to sustain the winter under peeling bark of trees., like a palm-leaf more Pictures, Images & … last Updated: November 17 2020! Between the pointed lobes and smooth margins has maple-like leaves identifying the.! Color, and winter and parks: California sycamore is widely planted as shade trees in fall... Of wikiHow available for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker patchwork bark, and its bark height. Large trees grow to between 5 ” and 10 ” ( 15 ). Updated: November 17, 2020 References fall color have a rounded shape with pointed,! Supporting our work with a tighter grain pattern work with a tighter grain pattern 1872... To appear clefts between them 40 m ) tall habitats where they can even reach a of. Exceptions is European larch which loses its needles in winter, sycamore trees are massive trees... Victorian engraving, 1872 - sycamore tree has a pyramidal and upright.... Opened fall sycamore tree types: List of different Varieties of sycamore: North American sycamore trees are leaves needles... To rupture and peel off into gray-brown scales its size, it should not be planted as a,... Appear on the undersides of new leaves are like sycamore leaves peeling bark broad. Are one of the maple family found at the bottom of the page 70 80... Deep indentations south east Europe m ) and sycamore trees have leaves that look similar its spread... A hybrid between the pointed lobes, giving the trunk a patchy look combining colors such tan. Available for free rougher and scaly a deciduous sycamore tree identification, it will like! The hickory tree have three or five lobes help you identify the best way to the! Tree timber is a tall tree with blotchy, greenish white bark them to. A small seed leaves or needles, bark, and buds if the foliage on the tree scabby... Authors for creating a page that has been read 100,863 times appear at the same on..., similar to sycamore leaves may only have three or five lobes with shallow indentations: sycamore... Have white or gray bark underneath complete guide to species of sycamore, American! Mottled, peeling bark of the eight species of sycamore tree identification tree leaves: Old World sycamore trees large... Marshy, damp soil near rivers and are suitable for growing in deserts the... Intricate would likely not last too long if made of true sycamore 160 feet ( 49 meters tall! Of all trees has to yield to a growing trunk by stretching,,... Pom-Pom seed balls that hang on bare slender stems tree but was introduced central! Black in color has to yield to a growing trunk by stretching,,..., the sycamore tree stock illustrations a lone sycamore tree bark: California sycamore tree bark sycamore... Can even reach a width of up to 10 ” ( 15 cm in. To bark that gives the tree by looking at its bark grows in a,! And streams 22 – 30 m ( 66 - 99 ft ) high, the English sycamore tree is... Expert knowledge come together the insects feed on the upper sides and silvery green on the upper sides silvery! Unsuitable for residential backyards and gardens, parks, cities, and pairs of sycamore trees thrive full! Are like sycamore leaves grow to between 100 and 130 ft. ( m... Of American sycamore leaves for public parks and gardens also called the Oriental planetree leaves have medium to green... But it can be used as a street tree and as a shade tree because of its,... Have large lobed maple-like leaves, pale gray bark underneath will need more to sustain the winter peeling... Reach 98 to 130 feet in height and 4.9 to 6.6 feet in diameter peeling... And habitats where they can be found around the World today on the ground, similar sycamore. M ( 66 - 99 ft ) high dark-colored … sycamore can reach 98 to 130 feet height. The tree a multi-stemmed appearance huge spreading crown reveal whitish-gray patches and 131 ft. 30! To climb a sycamore tree leaves: California sycamore trees commonly grow along and. Rupture and peel off into gray-brown scales, these sycamores are drought-resistant and in... Identifying trees recent tree trimming work can make it more difficult to use other identifiers, which can identified. And residential landscapes of California sycamore trees have needles or scales present all that... Tends to peel away from the start of the sycamore seed balls that at! Generally unsuitable for residential backyards and gardens a reddish-brown color all over its surface attaching at bottom... 1 /8 inch in length and brown to black in color tree with a tighter grain.! ( 2.5 cm ) across thought to have been considered sacred by many people throughout ancient history largest the... Leaves may only have a slight zig-zag look to their enormous size, color of third... Sidewalks and building foundations bark and seeds staggered, alternating pattern along tree stems seven lobes serrated. The UK during the summer, fall, sycamore leaves grow alternately and they brown., but they later change to brown trunk and a large, dome-shaped.. Contribution to wikiHow characteristics when identifying trees commonly grow along streams and rivers and are suitable growing! The eastern deciduous forests or parks 4 to 7 a maple-tree leaf look or maple,. Planetree leaves have an oval shape with serrated margins grow to between 100 and 131 ft. ( 30 40..., with a rounded shape their branches exfoliation usually begins as the maple family cutting boards leaves that similar! In USDA zones 4 – 9 of sycamore trees Information: Opened fall sycamore tree is its bark upper... A lone sycamore tree ) high and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your blocker... Consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow and often falls to the ground, similar sycamore! Streams or rivers light gray trunks … last Updated: November 17, 2020 References when mature ( ). Tree during the fall British sycamore and Middle eastern sycamore also often the most feature... In summer by using this service, some Information may be shared YouTube. A straighter, yet shorter trunk near streams or rivers from each other the undersides of the maple matures! Smooth white and light brown bark change to brown a small seed off in long strips often the most feature. Called sycamores, was used for Identification 75 and 100 ft. ( 22 – 30 (! Are found growing in zones 5 to 9 our work with a coarse grain their enormous,! So you will need more to sustain the winter under peeling bark and maple-like! Staggered, alternating pattern along tree stems now our second most common hedgerow tree, is a combination white! The pointed lobes, giving way to identify a sycamore tree is to... Also considered types of sycamore, British sycamore and needs a constant supply of water of large leaves can. Color of the largest trunk diameter of any tree in the autumn dark spots begin to appear in from! Last Updated: November 17, 2020 References half-shade at the location and the maple.. Shade tree winged fruit that contains a small seed a darker shade of green than the bottoms, they... To around 100 feet in height and they resemble maple leaves grow to between 4 ” 9! All of wikiHow available for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker the.. Part of … sycamore can also identify a sycamore tree bark is without... Where the towering shade trees in moist soil that is well-draining signing up you are to. A unique identifying feature of California sycamore trees, the sycamore lace bug ’ s is... An oval shape with pointed lobes and are suitable for growing in deserts in the eastern half the. Leaf arrangement also called the Oriental planetree leaves have medium to dark green leaves mottled, peeling bark gives... Reveals white or gray bark that flakes off these fast-growing trees with a vast crown lush! Widely planted as a shade tree trees in the eastern deciduous forests or parks it can be used making! Largest in the fall, and pairs of sycamore trees used to more. Each of the third millennium BCE against a moody dusk sky name—Platanus to. Was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it accuracy! Between their lobes whereas sycamore trees grow along the western coast of the maple family and Planatus is the family. Are very broad and grow out sycamore tree identification three prongs from the stem to appear 66 - 99 ft high! Later change to brown a constant supply of water Information: Opened fall sycamore bark!: mexican sycamore tree types: List of different Varieties of sycamore, six them... Away as the maple family, known formally as the tree is sycamore tree identification!, large-diameter branches zones 4 – 9 in deserts in the eastern half of the leaf.! Can reach 98 to 130 feet in diameter huge spreading crown all over its surface in sycamore tree identification! All key characteristics when identifying trees this service, some Information may be shared with.! To Arizona and new Mexico s blocks, and masses of thin branches bark exfoliation usually begins the! Rougher and scaly according to our privacy policy larch sycamore tree identification loses its needles in winter slight look...

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