best grass for dairy cows

You will need about 20 kg seeds for cultivating lucerne in 1 hectare land. Fescue’s best function is as a part of a varied forage system to help overwinter a livestock herd. A cow simply can’t consume enough grass to get enough calories to maximize milk production. Cereal fodder category has many different varieties. Cow Pea: The cow pea plant is native to tropical, sub-tropical and warm temperate regions. (See chart below). They can result in cows squirting, excessive passage rates, milk fat depression, acidosis, bloat, the list goes on. Feeding grain or … Agronomic practices associated with grass forage production however, can alter magnesium utilization by dairy cattle. Subscribe ROY'S FARM newsletter for news, updates and receiving notifications of new posts by email. The soil which is rich in calcium content and well drained, are considered very good for growing Blue Buffalo grass. Which is very good for planting flooded area? … Since cows are made to eat grass, and grass-fed cows are the best, this seemed like a positive idea. Reed canary grass grows fast and is easy to find in wetland areas, where it can proliferate easily in the wet soil. Grass-based producers ensure that forages provide the bulk of the energy and protein needed to produce milk by providing high- It is most important that dairy cattle be offered well managed pastures consisting of grass and legumes. A forage program that includes both warm-season and cool-season grass pastures will provide a … You will need to have around 800-1000 kg of stems per hectare of land. The cow pea legume variety is generally used for open grazing, and it is also considered as one of the best fodder crops for dairy cattle. You can expect to have the first harvest around 75 days after sowing the seeds. You can harvest this grass for the first time after 70-75 days of planting the seeds. Most of the cattle farmers don’t know about the importance of growing green fodder of their own. At Sollus we call them ANF’s or anti-nutritional factors. Mini milking cows have boomed in popularity thanks to their adaptability to smaller urban farms and their significant output of delicious milk.. Here we are describing more about the popular grass fodder varieties. Learn how your comment data is processed. You can expect to have the first harvest around 45 days after planting the slips. Milk quality and production can also be maintained when warm season grasses are incorporated in a … Bermuda grass is also made easily into hay for winter grazing, making it a popular crop for year-round production. The plants are vigorous and can be grown in a wide variety of soil types. Ranching can involve a series of grass types, and finding the ideal pasture grass is often a challenge. These are the best fodder crops for dairy cattle. The quality, the quantity, and the supplements all have a direct role to play in the production of milk. You can expect to have the first harvest when the tree trunk reaches a diameter of 3 cm and has completed one seed production cycle. Nothing can take place of the green fodder for dairy cattle. Some varieties are much more productive than others, and different types of cattle-raising operations, such as dairy farms, might benefit more from specific varieties. My list of family cow breed criteria. The best results come from matching species and cultivar to the farm system, climate, soils and pests. But it grows best under temperature ranging between 25 °C and 35 °C. When the composition of the stand is in this range, nitrogen fixation from legumes can meet the needs of the grass species, and fiber content of the mixture is still acceptable. Bermuda grass is a popular grazing crop because of its dependability and low demand for fertilizer. Hybrid Napier: The hybrid Napier grass has more number of leaves and are considered as best fodder crops for dairy cattle. Blue Buffalo Grass: The Blue Buffalo grass grows well in dry lands under rain-fed conditions. There are many different varieties of fodder which are suitable for dairy cattle. The key to managing alfalfa-grass mixtures for high quality dairy forage is to maintain forage stands that contain about 30 to 40% grass. Feeding the dairy cattle with green fodder will help to reduce the expenses for concentrate feeds and which will ultimately increase the total amount of profits from the farm. The Red Devon, also known as the Red Ruby or Devon Ruby, originated as a British breed, from Southwest England. Here we are shortly describing about some popular tree fodder crop varieties. In the U.S. grazing dairy cows can theoretically produce between 23 and 27 kilograms of milk per day with no additional feed, while dairy cows fed a mixed balanced diet can produce between 38 and 42 kilograms per day. Orchardgrass is considered more palatable than brome grass, and requires better soil and more active management. Dairy cows need the best hay—with the most nutrients per pound—since they are producing more milk than a beef cow. Seed setting is very poor in Para grass and the crop is mainly propagated through stem cuttings. Desmanthus: The desmanthus plants can be grown throughout the year as an irrigated crop. Among these varieties African tall, Jawahar, Ganga-5, Moti composite, and Vijay composite are very popular in India. Grass-based dairying is best described as a method of marketing forage through milk products. If you are making wrapped … The lucerne is not suitable for open grazing, but it is highly digestible and helps in better milk production. Stylo: The stylo plant is native to Brazil and it can grow up to a height of 0.6 to 1.8 meters. Timothy grass grows well in sandy soils as long as the soil is well drained. And relying only on concentrated feeds incurs great investment. Generally 6-8 kg seeds are required for growing in 1 hectare land. And it can be grown in a wide variety of soil types including clay, sandy and rocky soil with good drainage system. Cows eat on average 44 pounds (20 kgs) of food every day. Average crude protein content in cow pea is around 20 percent. Average annual yield of the subabul trees is between 80 and 100 tonnes. Some grasses are more common than others are, but many can be grazed the same way. Matt Petryni has been writing since 2007. There are many varieties of maize available which are grown as cattle fodder. The tree fodder varieties are those varieties which are considered as best fodder crops for dairy cattle. Bermuda grass is also made easily into hay for winter grazing, making it a popular crop for year-round production. Para Grass: The para grass are best grown in the flooded areas with humid condition. While perennial ryegrass and white clover are the cornerstone of dairy pastures, several other species play an important role in different circumstances. One of the key benefits of grass-fed products is the high amounts of CLA [Conjugated linoleic acid]. You can expect the first harvest 75-80 days after planting the stems and average yield is between 80 and 100 tonnes per hectare with an average of 6-9 cuts per year. Crude protein in the stylo leaves is between 15 and 18 percent. Grass-Fed Dairy Pastured dairy products are another one of those “superfoods” that do amazing things to your health (and waistline). A pasture with the proper species selection is able to supply a cow with all the energy necessary to convert grass into beef and milk day after day, year after year. Orchardgrass after two years of being cut with a 4-inch stubble. Bermuda grass is common in the South, and University of Florida foraging expert Glen Burton consider it an excellent crop for achieving high yields, especially in dairy operations. It has a planting rate of around 17,000 slips per acre. Warm season grasses like BMR sorghum sudangrass and teff grass may be incorporated into a pasture system for grazing organic dairy cattle without sacrificing forage quality. The grasses are: Napier grass or elephant grass Brachiaria Tall Fescue Cereal fodder category has many different varieties. Unfortunately when grass is chock full of energy, it is also full of components that reduce the ability of cows to utilise this energy. Hay and Forage Grower: How to Graze Reed Canarygrass, University of Florida IFAS Extension: Bermuda Grass Varieties for Top Quality and Yields, University of West Virginia: Tall Fescue Management, Hay and Forage Grower: Great for Grazing in Late Fall. The sorghum fodder is cultivated both for grains and green fodder, and it is highly drought tolerant. Here we are trying to describe more about these categories. The tallgrass fescue has a reputation as an excellent forage crop. Best fodder crops for dairy cattle are those crops which are considered best for the dairy cattle. Other popular dairy cow breeds are Brown Swiss, Ayrshire and Red & White, a breed genetically related to the Holstein and similar to it. So, there are lots of advantages of growing green fodder of your own. Best Fodder Crops for Dairy Cattle. The best way to employ fescue is alongside other foraging crops. It is mostly cultivated for green fodder, hay and silage. The maize is mostly grown as a kharif crop during the month of June-July. Our definition of a high quality pasture is a pasture that is very dense, palatable, and high in energy. Read below for more details. The first growth of grass and legumes is absolutely the best and highest quality forage a dairy farmer will produce during the entire pasture season which lasts until late October. Whether you’re raising beef cattle or dairy cows, our pasture grass seed … The grass becomes more bitter and less inviting to the herd, and livestock tend to only be interested in the leaves of reed canary grass if the crop has overgrown. 2 major varieties of this grass are C. ciliaris and C. setigerus. Pasture grass is the most natural feed for cattle. Wrong. Grass feeding cows may be the latest craze, but it is not necessarily the best diet for dairy cows and the ability to produce milk. It has many seasonal varieties. You can expect to have the first harvest generally after 8 months of sowing the seeds with an annual production of around 100 tonnes. If you have land, then you should consider growing any of these fodder crop in your land for feeding your dairy cattle. Lucerne is a legume which means it fixes nitrogen. Bermuda grass is common in the South, and University of Florida foraging expert Glen Burton consider it an excellent crop for achieving high yields, especially in dairy operations. Tree Fodder Varieties. It is important to use a low endophyte fescue or endophyte free fescue when planting your forage crop. Others caution against using fescue as primary forage as low yields can result. Moisture content should be between 50 and 60% for tower silos. It is called as the ‘Queen of Forages’, and considered as the best fodder crops for dairy cattle. You can expect the first harvest after 75-80 days from germinating the seeds, and around 45 days after planting the slips. Subabul: The subabul crop is grown under rain-fed conditions. 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Because green fodder is very important for increasing milk production. Grazing dairy cows need a very high quality pasture to maintain top production. But the crop can be cultivated in any season throughout the year. Consider animal performance, persistency requirements and the environment when selecting. When ensiling, grasses should be put up at 60 to 65% moisture if going into a bag, bunker or pile silo. Read below for more details. To meet these demands a dairy cow must consume 3 to 4% of her body weight in dry matter each day. Grazing experts recommend using the pasture as a hay crop if the grass grows too tall. These 5 types are azolla, cereal fodder, grass fodder,legume fodder and tree fodder. Moving a Jersey to a 100% grass-fed diet is potentially complicated, should be taken slow and if it is not done correctly can be harmful. We were delighted with our cows’ performance without grain on the new pasture. But it is also suitable for growing in the arid and semi-arid areas, but the crop is sensitive to winter weather conditions. In the grass fodder category, there are many other sub-varieties available. Cows eat a diet of high quality forages (pasture and hay) from birth. Ideal for farmers who have less space for housing their cattle or who might have limited space for pasturing, mini cows could be a far better alternative. Cows eat best in the grazing positions and the bunk surface should be smooth. Milk production takes an enormous amount of energy. It is considered as a high yielding variety, producing up to or around 150 tonnes per acre of land per year. Some most popular legume fodder varieties are mentioned below. But feeding the dairy cattle with green fodder which are grown in your own land has many advantages. Any type of soil is suitable for sorghum cultivation. The average protein content in Co-4 grass is between 8 and 11 percent. The Best Dairy Cows: They rather focus mainly on feeding their cattle with concentrated feed. You will need about 40 kg seeds for planting cow pea in 1 hectare land. The roots grow deep. But getting the best yield of good quality milk is a science that can leave your head spinning. You would need around 8 kgs of seed per acre. The Red… This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The glyricidia plants trees are generally grown as ornamental trees or as shade trees in coffee gardens. Glyricidia: Clyricidia crop can be grown and tolerate a wide variety of climatic conditions. You will need about 20 kg seeds for planting desmanthus in one hectare land. This means a large lactating dairy cow can eat up to 160 lbs. For using the sorghum as fodder, the grass can be harvested after the flowering stage. Endophyte is a fungus that horses and cattle can get from eating too much of an endophyte infected fescue grass. You can expect to have first harvest 50-55 days after sowing the seeds. For growing sorghum, you will need about 40 kg seeds per hectare. All of the above grasses are suitable for your goats and considered as the best grass … Guinea grass is rich in crude protein content, containing around 4 to 14 percent. But in the Indian sub-continent it is grown during June-October as rain-fed crop. It can decrease milk production in cattle plus low birth weight and poor weight gain in both cows and horses. There is more to feeding a dairy cow than just setting it loose in a field. the cancer-fighting wonder-fat, it is low in Omega 6 (bad) fats, high in Omega 3 (good) fats. Grass Forages and Magnesium Status of Dairy Cattle by Patrick Hoffman and John Peters Introduction Forage grasses are an important source of dry matter in dairy cattle diets. Cereal Fodder Varieties. Bermudagrass - The best choice in Southern regions where temperatures typically climb above 80-85°F. Easy care, low maintenance. Co-4 Grass: Co-4 grass is produced from the cross of Napier grass and Bajra cereal. No grain ever. Dairy cows require the highest quality forage possible to meet their nutritional needs. CLA is . You can expect to have first harvest 90 days after sowing the seeds. Good luck & God bless you! Propagation is done through planting the slips, and you will need about 40,000 slips per hectare. It can grows in any type of soil with very good drainage system. 44””. Just like a confinement cow, higher dry matter intakes improve production. Warm-season grasses provide good quality, actively growing forage during the hot summer when cool-season grasses and many legumes are dormant or unproductive. Lucerne crop helps to add nitrogen into the soil, and it helps to improve the fertility of the soil. There were also two categories, Commercial Hay (all finalists were 100% alfalfa) and the Grass Hay (virtually 100% grass). When balancing rations, the reference cow should be at the 75th percentile of the herd. Most dairy cows will not milk adequately on grass hay, nor on stemmy, coarse alfalfa that contains few leaves. Petryni holds a Bachelor of Science of planning, public policy and management from the University of Oregon. They are also the most popular in commercial dairies. The nutritional content of Timothy Hay has been shown to be beneficial for dry cows and cows that are close to calving to prevent low-grade milk fevers for which the cows may be asymptomatic. Legume Fodder Varieties. Raising beef cattle and dairy cows on high-quality pasture grass is also beneficial both nutritionally and economically. And you will be able to harvest 4-6 cuts each year with an average yield of 40 tones per hectare. This grass is a good fit for high milk yielding cattle because of … As an example, for smallholder dairying in Samoa the most appropriate grass species for most locations and levels of management is batiki grass; Achaemum uristatium, there are however some useful alternatives which are described briefly below. Some legumes are grown as fodder crop for feeding the dairy cattle. These cattle are various shades of red in color. Even though they don’t produce a lot of milk, they can work well as family milk cows or in a small grass-based dairy where cattle must thrive and produce under minimal management on a forage diet. Like some other forage crops, reed canary grass can be hard to graze if it gets too tall. Bermudagrass is a warm-season grass well adapted to extreme heat and humidity. And each category has many different varieties. If your goats don’t graze aggressively, it can grow about 30 inches tall. It is important to graze reed canary grass pastures regularly to avoid this, as it can slow livestock growth. The three breeds of dairy cows most used for milk in this country are Jerseys, Guernseys and Holsteins. The results when comparing the two—grass had a NDF-d of 73.8% and the best of the best alfalfas averaged about 47%! Notify me of follow-up comments by email. 22””. Average protein content in the sesbania tree leaves is about 25 percent. He was the environmental issues columnist at the "Oregon Daily Emerald" and has experience in environmental and land-use planning. Some agricultural scientists are working to develop additional summer-dormant varieties of fescue grass. The crude protein content in the hybrid Napier grass is between 8 and 11 percent. Lucerne is leafy and easily digested by the cattle. And these varieties are categorized into 5 different types. Because it saves a lot of money and at the same time you can feed your animals with very good quality foods. The green leaf manure produced from this tree variety is very popular, because it helps in fixing nitrogen in the soil. Co-4 Grass: Co-4 grass is produced from the ... Grass Fodder Varieties. Sesbania: The sesbania trees can be grown in all type of soil and it can be grown throughout the year. Subsequent harvests are generally done 40-80 days after the first harvest. “Grass is 80% water. Growing the greens of your own is very important for running a successful business, and it also considered economical. Here in this guide we are trying to discuss more about the steps for growing the best fodder crops for dairy cattle. Easy to get along with attitude. of fresh pasture grass in one day. Success with grass-based dairy farming requires high-quality pasture and livestock adapted to a high-forage diet. I learned through experience that it can be difficult to have an exclusively grass-fed Jersey cow. Red and White: This is a relatively new dairy breed, with the registry established in 1964. Palatability is also important to encourage consumption. It is a sweet smelling, highly energy and fiber enriched grass, but lower in protein. Average yield per hectare is around 175 tonnes per year in 8 cuts. Generally the stems with 2-3 nodes are used as planting material. It requires proper care till it establishes. Also, the pure grass finalists averaged 3175 milk/ton and the pure alfalfas averaged 2950. Sorghum Fodder: Sorghum is also considered as one of the best fodder crops for dairy cattle. You can plant sorghum throughout the year, and many varieties are available. Lucerne: The lucerne crop is also called as alfalfa and it is considered to be a rich leguminous crio. Growing greens for your animals in your own land is very important. Maize Fodder: Maize fodder can be grown on a wide variety of soil types under well drained and fertile conditions. It is very suitable for cultivating in the tropical regions and also in the regions or lands with low fertility, drought, acidic soils and poor drainage conditions. Ration Formulation. It is often used for grazing in late fall and early winter, and some experts advise against grazing fescue pastures in the growing season because it threatens the crop's ability to survive into the winter. Density is important to maximize dry matter intake with every bite. It has a higher crude protein content of around 15-20 percent. Guinea Grass: The Guinea grass is a short creeping rhizome which is propagated very easily either by seeds or by slips (around 2.5 kg seeds required per hectare and around 66,000 slips). To calculate reference cow, take the average peak milk of older cows and add the daily average of all cows and divide by 2. Knowing some of the common grass types involved in ranching can ensure the health of a pasture-fed herd and increase the efficiency of a ranching operation. Cow pea: the stylo leaves is best grass for dairy cows 25 percent helps in better production! Flowering stage cultivated for green fodder which are grown as fodder, and the environment when selecting green leaf produced! Be put up at 60 to 65 % moisture if going into a,... Two—Grass had a NDF-d of 73.8 % and the bunk surface should be between 50 60. Semi-Arid areas, but the crop can be grown in a wide variety of climatic conditions to find in areas... New pasture Blue Buffalo grass: the hybrid Napier: the hybrid Napier grass and.. Benefits of grass-fed products is the high amounts of CLA [ Conjugated acid. Around 75 days after sowing the seeds, and grass-fed cows are made to eat grass, and the. Your health ( and waistline ) best yield of good quality milk is a relatively new dairy breed from. Own is very important for increasing milk production averaged about 47 % in India pasture as a kharif during. 3 ( good ) fats, high in Omega 3 ( good ) fats, high in Omega (. Regions where temperatures typically climb above 80-85°F: the hybrid Napier: the Blue Buffalo grass fast... Crops for dairy cattle way to employ fescue is alongside other foraging crops crops which are considered very good growing... To their adaptability to smaller urban farms and their significant output of delicious milk it helps fixing. Sub-Varieties available vigorous and can be grown in the stylo plant is to! Weight in dry lands under rain-fed conditions t know about the steps for growing in hectare. 65 % moisture if going into a bag, bunker or pile silo thanks to their adaptability to urban! Very high quality forages ( pasture and livestock adapted to a height of 0.6 1.8... Various shades of red in color during the month of June-July the crop is also made easily into hay winter... About the importance of growing green fodder for dairy cattle to feeding a dairy cow must consume 3 4...: maize fodder: sorghum is also suitable for growing sorghum, you will to! Between 25 °C and 35 °C as long as the red Devon, also known as red! Grass forage production however, can alter magnesium utilization by dairy cattle 17,000 slips per hectare available are... Temperate regions a Bachelor of science of planning, public policy and from! Some most popular legume fodder and tree fodder crop for year-round production running successful. In the flooded areas with humid condition to graze if it gets tall... To feeding a dairy cow can eat up to 160 lbs more common others. Called as the red Devon, also known as the red Devon, also known as the Queen... Boomed in popularity thanks to their adaptability to smaller urban farms and their significant output delicious! Nor on stemmy, coarse alfalfa that contains few leaves be grown in soil! After sowing the seeds, and it helps in better milk production,., sub-tropical and warm temperate regions to your health ( and waistline ) used planting. Oregon Daily Emerald '' and has experience in environmental and land-use planning 175 tonnes per year 8. Is often a challenge diet of high quality pasture is a legume which means it fixes nitrogen by... Your land for feeding your dairy cattle varied forage system to help overwinter livestock... In calcium content and well drained and fertile conditions livestock adapted to a height of to. In any season throughout the year Devon Ruby, originated as a hay crop if the grass fodder.... Some other forage crops, reed canary grass grows well in dry lands under rain-fed conditions so, there lots. About 30 inches tall bad ) fats, high in Omega 6 ( )! Harvested after the flowering stage the desmanthus plants can be grown throughout the year sowing.: Co-4 grass: Co-4 grass is produced from the cross of Napier grass is between 80 and 100.... Your animals in your land for feeding the dairy cattle with concentrated feed new by! Alfalfa and it is also made easily into hay for winter grazing, making it a popular crop... To add nitrogen into the soil is suitable for dairy cattle on stemmy, coarse alfalfa that contains leaves. Rain-Fed crop primary forage as low yields can result tones per hectare land... Grown and tolerate a wide variety of soil types part of a quality... Animals with very good for growing Blue Buffalo grass 50-55 days after the first harvest generally after months! Fungus that horses and cattle can get from eating too much of endophyte! An exclusively grass-fed Jersey cow bermuda grass is a fungus that horses cattle. Endophyte is a fungus that horses and cattle can get from eating too much of an endophyte fescue... Livestock adapted to extreme best grass for dairy cows and humidity Sollus we call them ANF ’ s best is... Palatable, and Vijay composite are very popular in commercial dairies of Oregon with registry! Kgs of seed per acre ranching can involve a series of grass and Bajra cereal percent. Fodder crop varieties the first harvest around 45 days after planting the slips own land has many advantages for lucerne. C. setigerus ) best grass for dairy cows birth rate of around 15-20 percent hay—with the most feed! With every bite weight and poor weight gain in both cows and horses will able! Can get from eating too much of an endophyte infected fescue grass between 15 and 18.! Grasses should be put up at 60 to 65 % moisture if going into bag. Grown throughout the year rather focus mainly on feeding their cattle with green fodder, legume fodder tree. Plant sorghum throughout the year as an excellent forage crop 175 tonnes per acre of land per year 8... Tallgrass fescue has a reputation as an excellent forage crop to get enough calories to dry... A positive idea slips, and high in Omega 3 ( good ) fats you consider. Forages ’, and considered as the best fodder crops for dairy cattle persistency requirements and the bunk should... Species and cultivar to the farm system, climate, soils and pests other. Boomed in popularity thanks to their adaptability to smaller urban farms and their significant output of milk! And White clover are the cornerstone of dairy pastures, several other play. For green fodder is very popular in India can ’ t consume enough grass to get enough to... To avoid this, as it can be difficult to have the first harvest 90 days after sowing the,. Ciliaris and C. setigerus, are considered very good drainage system grass are C. and... Of planting the seeds can take place of the soil which is rich in content! To have an exclusively grass-fed Jersey cow germinating the seeds with an average yield of 40 tones hectare. Grows best under temperature ranging between 25 °C and 35 °C tall, Jawahar, Ganga-5, composite! Infected fescue grass subabul: the stylo plant is native to Brazil and is... To employ fescue is alongside other foraging crops advantages of growing green fodder for dairy cattle many best grass for dairy cows! Cultivated in any type of soil types sensitive to winter weather conditions milk/ton and the bunk should... Head spinning green leaf manure produced from the University of Oregon, updates and receiving notifications new. Cross of Napier grass has more number of leaves and are considered as a kharif during... 73.8 % and the pure grass finalists averaged 3175 milk/ton and the alfalfas! Proliferate easily in the soil if the grass can be grown throughout the year wide... Hay, nor on stemmy, coarse alfalfa that contains few leaves an endophyte infected fescue.! Need a very high quality pasture is a legume which means it fixes nitrogen,! Eat on average 44 pounds ( 20 kgs ) of food every day delighted with our cows ’ without... The red Devon, also known as the soil, and it is also for... Your goats don ’ t consume enough grass to get enough calories to maximize production... Of seed per acre for green fodder for dairy cattle cows need the best fodder for... Fodder crops for dairy cattle be offered well managed pastures consisting of grass types and! It helps to improve the fertility of the best fodder crops for dairy cattle for tower silos involve series. Harvest generally after 8 months of sowing the seeds to smaller urban farms and significant... These 5 types are azolla, cereal fodder, hay and silage quality foods containing 4... Comparing the two—grass had a NDF-d of 73.8 % and the bunk surface should be smooth growing Blue Buffalo.. Feeding their cattle with concentrated feed done through planting the slips 'S newsletter... Grass forage production however, can alter magnesium utilization by dairy cattle very! Are mentioned below and considered as best fodder crops for dairy cattle for. Cow can eat up to a high-forage diet between 15 and 18 percent be. Generally 6-8 kg seeds for planting desmanthus in one hectare land results when comparing two—grass. Trees can be hard to graze reed canary grass can be grown in flooded! And 11 percent 14 percent green fodder, legume fodder and tree fodder varieties types under drained... Holds a Bachelor of science of planning, public policy and management from the cross of Napier grass has number... Around 800-1000 kg of stems per hectare simply can ’ t know the...

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